Synopsis Of Brexit Agreement
This briefing deals in detail with the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and the UK and concluded on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by the heads of state and government of the EU member states at an extraordinary European Council on 25 November and the British Prime Minister promoted it in the British Parliament and throughout the country. The agreement has been the subject of several in-depth debates in Parliament and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons did not approve it. A second extension of Article 50 lasted the withdrawal date until 31 October 2019, but once again the UK faces the possibility of leaving the EU without a deal if a particular agreement is not ratified by the UK and the EU. In addition to an agreement on goods, the UK also wants an agreement on services that were an important part of its economy. This is not part of the discussions, but separate agreements on issues such as banking are still possible. Free Trade Agreement: This is what the EU and the UK are trying to agree – a country-to-country agreement that encourages trade by removing barriers such as taxes on goods The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the internal market to ensure smooth trade runs until a long-term relationship is agreed. In the absence of an agreement on that date, the UK will leave the internal market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the backstop) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts.
The most important elements of the draft agreement are these: The provisions on citizens` rights were adopted by the UK and the EU in the draft Withdrawal Agreement of March 2018. There is no modification or addition of content, except in the provisions relating to the rights of nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MPs decided that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament the full legal advice it had received on the impact of its proposed withdrawal conditions.  The central point of the opinion concerned the legal effect of the Backstop Agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the customs border between the European Union and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, and in particular on the security of the United Kingdom, to be able to leave the EU in practice, in accordance with the draft proposals. Since March, the EU and the UK have been pursuing regular rounds of negotiations, despite the difficulties related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU conducts its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences are not yet resolved in some areas. These differences concern, in particular, fair competition, horizontal management of agreements and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have stepped up their negotiations. The clock is ticking, because an agreement must be reached soon to have time to ratify it by the European Parliament. Both the draft Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration can have a considerable impact on the British Constitution. .
October 16, 2021
October 15, 2021