Trade Agreement Describe

These agreements are not static; they are renegotiated from time to time and new agreements can be added to the package. Many negotiations are under way within the framework of the Doha Development Agenda, launched by WTO trade ministers in Doha, 卡塔尔, in November 2001. Gatt introduced the most-favoured-nation principle into customs agreements between members. A free trade agreement removes all barriers to trade between members, which means they can move freely between goods and services. As far as relations with non-members are concerned, the trade policy of each member is always effective. Once negotiated, multilateral agreements are very powerful. They cover a wider geographical area, which gives signatories a greater competitive advantage. All countries also grant each other most-favoured-nation status and grant each other the best reciprocal trading conditions and the lowest tariffs. The most-favoured-nation clause prevents one of the parties to the current agreement from continuing to remove barriers for another country. 例如, Country A could agree to reduce tariffs on certain products of Country B in exchange for reciprocal concessions. In the absence of a most-favoured-nation clause, Country A could further reduce tariffs on the same products from Country C in exchange for further concessions.

因此, because of the tariff difference, consumers in Land A would be able to buy the products in question at a lower cost from Land C, while Country B would receive nothing for its concessions. Most-favoured-nation status means that A is required to extend the lowest existing duty on certain products to all its trading partners who enjoy such status. Therefore, if A later accepts a lower rate with C, B automatically gets the same lower rate. 原则上, free trade at the international level is no different from trade between neighbours, cities or states. 然而, it allows companies in each country to focus on producing and selling the goods that make the best use of their resources, while other companies import goods that are scarce or unavailable on the national territory. This mix of local production and foreign trade allows economies to grow faster while better meeting the needs of their consumers. Free trade policy is not so popular with the general public. The main problems are unfair competition from countries where falling labour costs reduce prices and lose well-paying jobs to producers abroad.

These are underpinned by dispute settlement based on agreements and obligations, as well as trade policy review, an exercise in transparency. The table of contents of the results of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations: the legal texts are a huge list of about sixty agreements, 附件, decisions and agreements. 事实上, the agreements fall into a simple structure with six main parties: a framework agreement (the agreement establishing the WTO); agreements for each of the three major trade sectors that cover the WTO (goods, services and intellectual property); dispute resolution; and revisions to governments` trade policies. 到目前为止, you`ve seen international organizations such as the WTO, 国际货币基金组织, and the World Bank support global trade, but that`s only part of the story. Where world trade is actually stimulated, there are trade agreements (also called trade blocs). This is where the term “global economic integration” takes its legs – from the process of changing barriers between and between nations in order to create a more integrated global economy. trade agreements differ in the amount of free trade they allow between members and non-members; each has a unique level of economic integration. We will look at four of them: the Regional Trade Agreement (RTA) (also known as the “free trade area”), 海关工会, common markets and economic unions. Trade agreements open many doors for businesses….

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